Stimulant drugs increase one’s energy and attention. Stimulant drugs come in three common forms, which are known as: amphetamines (speed), methamphetamines (meth), and cocaine. Amphetamines and methamphetamines are prescription medications used to treat health problems – specifically, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Nonetheless, they are also sold illegally on the streets under different names. Cocaine, on the other hand, is illegal in all its forms. Individuals use stimulant drugs to experience a high or improve their performance due to their ability to make users feel happy, energized, and mentally alert. Despite producing a pleasant high, they also cause prevent sleep, suppress the appetite, heavy use may lead to feeling suspicious, paranoid, and some may even experience psychosis – an extreme sense of lost touch with reality.
Excessive use of these drugs, in rare cases, can lead to an abnormal increase in heart rate and blood pressure, which is life-threatening. Each of these stimulant drugs come in different forms and have a different method of use to achieve a high. Illegal amphetamines go by the street names ‘uppers’ and ‘speed’, and are sold in the form of powders, pills, as well as other forms. Street methamphetamines is commonly known as ‘meth’ and comes in the form of powders, pills, or crystal-like rocks.
An estimate of 872,000 people in 2015 had disordered methamphetamines use. On the other hand, disordered cocaine use during the same year was estimated at 900,000. Cocaine is known on the streets as ‘coke’, ‘flake’, ‘snow’, ‘blow’, and ‘crack’. The drug is smoked, injected, or snorted to achieve the desired high. Although cocaine causes individuals to feel energized, happy, and alert, it also leads blood vessels to constrict and body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate to increase.
Quitting stimulant drugs without any professional supervision is dangerous. Severe depression, fatigue, and anxiety are some of the withdrawal symptoms that an individual can experience. It’s very important to begin the process of quitting stimulant use under a professional that can monitor the individuals mental and physical state in regards to withdrawal symptoms. Quitting can be difficult and challenging, but it is not impossible.
To determine whether your substance use is problematic, please refer to our Substance Use Self-Assessment here.